In Memory of
U.S. Army Sergeant "Akicita Ohitika"
White Horse, South Dakota
Cheyenne River Sioux Indian Reservation
Dewey County

August 26, 1928 – December 2, 1950 (MIA)
                                   December 31, 1953 (FOD)
Missing in Action, Presumed Dead in Korea


Arthur Francis Jewett (Akicita Ohitika) was born in White Horse, South Dakota on August 26, 1928, to George (1889-1975) and Catherine Rousseau Jewett (1902-1985). Arthur, a Lakota Sioux, was one of ten children. Arthur had four brothers: Louis, Albert, Orlin, Keith, and five sisters: Corine, Ramona, Iyonne, Julia, and Juanita. Akicita Ohitika’s Grandmother, Julia Bourche Rousseau (1869-1959) also from White Horse spent the balance of her life praying for his safe return.

His parents, George and Katherine Jewett, raised five sons, and five sons have served in the Armed Services of the United States. George Jewett and brothers, Joseph, Manuel, and Sullivan served in the United States Army during World War I and World War II.

Arthur attended school at Immaculate Conception School at Stephen, South Dakota and worked with his parents on the family ranch on the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation.

Akicita Ohitika was raised on the Moreau River. He was quiet, strong willed, and was filled with determination. When his brother Louie, returned from his service in the US Navy in 1945, Arthur made his plans to serve.

He entered active duty with the full support of his family on July 2, 1948, at Mobridge. Sergeant Arthur Francis Jewett was trained as a light weapons leader as part of the Company B, 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division and went overseas as part of the Occupational forces in Japan. These troops were among the first to fight when the Korean War started.

On December 2, 1950, Sergeant Arthur Francis Jewett was reported missing in action, possibly during the Chosin Reservoir Battle in North Korea. The 7th Infantry troops received very heavy casualties; according to one source, 3,200 went into battle and 385 survived.

When the telegraph carrying the news that he was Declared Missing in Action by the War Department arrived, people came from miles around to support the family. The quiet wail of the Jewett women sent out a chilling signal to the grandfathers. A soldier of good stock has fallen in the Chosin Reservoir. There is no closure to the death of Arthur F. Jewett as his body has never come to the resting place of his ancestors. His remains vanished, a mystery. The only comfort his family knows is his valiant sacrifice for his country.

On December 31, 1953, Sergeant Arthur Francis Jewett was officially declared presumed dead. Arthur’s name appears in granite at the Punch Bowl National Cemetery in Hawaii as well as on the Korean War Memorial in Washington, DC. A Jewett memorial marker and flag pole was placed at the Saint Theresa Cemetery in White Horse, South Dakota. Yet, all the markers will not replace the gentle smile and quiet dignity of this Cheyenne River Warrior. No words can ever replace the pain of losing a son, brother, and uncle.

Sergeant Arthur Francis Jewett was awarded the Purple Heart, the Combat Infantryman’s Badge, the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Service Medal, and the Korean War Service Medal.

Military service and patriotism are values that continue today in the Jewett Family.

    


This entry was respectfully submitted by Chantelle Rae Janke, 8th grade, Spearfish Middle School, Spearfish, South Dakota on August 1, 2004, in conjunction with the Jewett family. An application for a SD veteran’s bonus, and Arthur’s brother, Keith Jewett, provided information for this entry. Keith Jewett wishes to thank the Jewett women, Candace, Katherine, Chastity, Jennifer, Iyonne, and Pelagie who helped contribute to the article. And a special thanks to Julie Jewett Marshall, Ruby Marshall, and Louis Jewett who helped with the timelines…………………….Mitakuye pi, Keith Jewett. Profile approval by the Jewett family via Keith Jewett.